What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)?

A disease called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) causes the heart muscle to become abnormally enlarged. In medical language, this condition is known as hypertrophied. The large muscle of the heart obstructs the flow of blood while pumping.

Most people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy lead normal lives without any serious complications. But it can be difficult for some people. Left untreated, over time it can cause serious complications such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or disruption of the heart’s electrical system, which can lead to arrhythmias and sudden death.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy - A disease that makes heart muscles thick
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy – A disease that makes heart muscles thick

Symptoms Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

The symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are often mild and people ignore them as a result of fatigue or weakness. However, if it is ignored and untreated for a long time, it can lead to serious complications.

Common visible symptoms include:-

What are the health risks associated with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?

For your information, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease. If your parents have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, you have a 50% chance of developing the disease.

So if someone in your genetic relation has this disease, then without taking any risk and avoiding health complications in future, you can contact Dr Ameet Oswal, the best cardiologist in Bangalore.

As mentioned above, most people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) can lead a normal life. Most people do not face serious discomfort due to this. But it has some health risks which are given below –

Abnormal functioning of the heart’s electrical system can cause an irregular or rapid heartbeat, which also increases the risk of blood clots that can lead to stroke.

Thick heart muscles can cause blockage or reduced blood flow, which can cause severe chest pain, shortness of breath, etc.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy sometimes causes enlargement of the ventricles, which weakens the heart’s pumping ability and can lead to serious health complications.

The constricted muscles cause the heart to not be able to pump enough oxygen-rich blood to different parts of the body, which causes heart failure.

However, in rare cases, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy causes heart-related death. Most people are not aware of HCM until serious health complications occur.

Treatment Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy


Ignoring hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can put your life at risk. So consult your doctor if you have any family history. If you would like more information about heart conditions, contact us.

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