Cardiovascular diseases account for most of the deaths worldwide each year. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, in 2021, more than 18 million people around the world are suffering from heart disease and it caused 32% of the deaths. According to the Indian Heart Association, India has seen an increase in the number of people suffering from heart attacks in the last five years and most of them are young adults. Heart disease is a major cause of death but it is not inevitable.
Heart disease refers to a variety of heart-related conditions. The most common heart disease is coronary artery disease (CAD), which affects blood flow to the heart. Decreased blood flow to the heart can lead to a heart attack and lead to other heart-related diseases. About 80% of heart diseases are preventable by following heart-healthy lifestyle habits. Today in this blog we will understand the prevention of heart disease.
What are the different types of Heart Diseases?
Cardiovascular disease refers to a variety of heart-related diseases and conditions.
Types of heart diseases include:
Arrhythmia is an irregularity of the heartbeat.
In atherosclerosis, the arteries of the heart become hard.
- Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
CAD is caused by a build-up of plaque in the arteries of the heart. CAD is sometimes called ischemic heart disease.
When the muscles of the heart become rigid or weak, it is a condition called cardiomyopathy.
- Congenital heart defects
Congenital heart defects are structural abnormalities of the heart that are present at birth.
- Heart infection
Heart infections can usually be caused by an injury, a virus, bacteria, or a parasite.
Tips To Prevent Your Heart Disease
Go for a healthy diet
Heart disease experts say that for people who follow a healthy diet, the risk of heart-related diseases reduces by 30%. You can adopt the following things for your balanced diet
- Low-calorie food.
- Nutrient-rich food.
- Include low-fat proteins such as yogurt, chicken and soy products.
- Include plenty of fruits, vegetables, fish, and low-fat dairy products in the diet.
- Reduce salt intake.
- Reduce the intake of soy sauce, tomato sauce etc.
Knowing how harmful smoking is to health, people do not give up this habit. Tobacco can cause the following health problems:-
- The risk of heart attack increases.
- Formation of blood clots.
- Clogging of arteries
- Carbon monoxide entering the blood leads to less oxygen supply to tissues and organs, which increases blood pressure and heart rate.
- Lungs get damaged.
You can improve your blood circulation by quitting smoking. keep blood pressure under control and reduce the risk of cardiovascular risk by almost 50%.
- Exercise regularly to avoid heart attacks and keep your heart healthy. Exercise can keep you healthy both physically and mentally.
- You can do aerobic exercises like cycling, running, swimming, and jogging, which help in increasing blood circulation.
- With exercises like dumbbells and pushups, you can control cholesterol levels. Regular physical activity reduces the chances of heart disease.
Learn how to manage stress
- Stress is also significantly responsible for heart-related disorders. Stress causes the release of a hormone called cortisol, which leads to increase in blood pressure, triglycerides, inflammation, bad cholesterol levels, and blood sugar. Also reduces blood flow to the heart muscle.
- If you want, you can meditate to reduce stress.
Keep your weight under control
- Excess weight is injurious to health. Also, it triggers heart-related disorders. By controlling your weight, you can avoid many heart-related conditions. Being underweight also aids in the treatment of your high blood pressure and diabetes.
We do not need to tell how serious heart disease is for health. By adopting these five tips, you can prevent almost all health-related conditions. You can contact us for better health-related treatment and advice.